Gender equality in the Kyrgyz Republic
Making gender equality a reality is a core commitment of UNDP. UNDP recognizes that women empowerment and gender equality is vital to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which envisions a world of universal respect for human rights and human dignity in which every woman and girl enjoys full gender equality and all legal, social and economic barriers to their empowerment have been removed. UNDP in the Kyrgyz Republic integrates gender equality principles across its all areas of work: sustainable development, democratic governance and peacebuilding, climate and disaster resilience. To success UNDP works with the government, civil society and local communities.
UNDP goal is to contribute to advancement of gender equality and women’s empowerment in Kyrgyzstan. By advancing gender equality and empowering women as leaders and active actors in the development processes so they can shape their lives, UNDP envisages a more inclusive, sustainable and resilient world.
Gender in democratic governance and peacebuilding
Ensuring women’s and men’s equal participation in governance processes, including leadership and decision-making, and their equal benefits from governance services, are preconditions for the achievement of inclusive and effective democratic governance. The democratic governance area of UNDP’s work provides an opportunity to advance women’s legal rights, strengthen their access to justice and promote their equal participation in decision-making across all sectors and at all levels of governance.
In the Kyrgyz Republic, justice system and law enforcement bodies do not respond adequately to women’s rights and issues and have low representation of women. As much as 83 percent of women suffer from various forms of violence, such as domestic violence, sexual violence, forced and early marriages and bride kidnapping. According to different sources from 30 to 67 percent of rural Kyrgyz women are married as result of bride kidnapping of which two-thirds of them without girl’s consent.
During the 2010 interethnic conflict in the South there were cases of sexual violence committed against women, yet survivors were not able to access justice in the aftermath. Women were excluded from post-recovery processes. Women from ethnic minorities groups are facing double discrimination and additional barriers to access justice and resources.
Although women constitute more than 40 percent of public servants, they are concentrated at middle and lower administrative levels. There are trends of gradual exclusion of women in decision-making and reduced number of women wishing to take part in local elections. During recent parliamentary elections in 2015, the number of women MPs decreased (19 percent) compared to the elections in 2011 (22 percent).
In response to these challenges, UNDP works with national partners to:
UNDP in partnership with government and civil society implements several projects to implement several national strategic policies to promote gender equality and laws to protect women’s rights. To ensure the women’s representation in politics, UNDP together with UNICEF work with national and local partners to promote women’s participation in election processes as both voters and candidates.
In line with UNSCR 1325, UNDP works with national law enforcement bodies to increase police and prosecutors’ response to gender-based violence. In cooperation with UN Gender Theme Group, UNDP provides technical expertise to draft the development of national action plan on implementation of CEDAW concluding observations and recommendations. UNDP supports UNiTE campaign to End Violence against Women and Girls by undertaking innovative advocacy campaigns during the 16 days of activism against violence and strengthening national movement.
Some of our recent results:
· Supported the Government with technical expertise to draft the National Strategy on Gender Equality 2012-2020 and the National Action Plan, which were adopted on December 16, 2015 respectively.
· Supported the development and adoption of the National Action Plan on Resolution 1325 of the UN Security Council on women, peace and security, which entered into force in December 2015. The NAP 1325 highlights the need of enhancing security of women and girls during and after the conflict as well as increasing their participation in post-conflict planning and peacebuilding.
· Provided technical expertise to draft the National Action Plan on implementation of CEDAW recommendations as well as ensured wide participation of civil society organizations during consultation processes.
· Supported national experts with evidence and legal analysis of the law on social protection and domestic violence to improve women’s access to justice and fair protection from violence. The law drafted in 2014 is due to be adopted by mid 2016.