The third report on the UN’S Millennium Development Goals: inequality, maternal mortality and HIV/AIDS remain major challenges for Kyrgyzstan

12 May 2014

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan – Despite growing attention for the issues related to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, the progress made in this field turns out to be controversial. Some targets related to poverty reduction, environmental sustainability and global partnership have been achieved. According to experts in the reduction of child mortality Kyrgyzstan has nearly reached the target indicators. However, some of the goals, especially the Goal 5 referring to improving maternal health is seriously behind the schedule.

These are the main conclusions of the “Third report on the progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Kyrgyzstan” which has been presented today. The presentation was attended by representatives of Jogorku Kenesh, Government, ministries and departments, UN system and a wide range of public, non-governmental and international organizations.

One of most serious issues in achieving the Millennium Development Goals is to reduce maternal mortality. According to the latest data Kyrgyzstan has the highest maternal mortality rate among the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Over the last decade it has not been below 50 deaths per 100000 live births in the country, exceeding by far the national indicator set for 2015 (15.7 per 100 000 live births).

Given the lack of sustainable progress in attaining the MDGs in the Kyrgyz Republic, it has been decided to use the “MDG Acceleration framework” for MDG 5 (MAF) to develop practical, specific socio-economic measures aimed at stimulating and solving of existing problems in this area.

The analysis, made during the development of the report, shows that the level of poverty still represents one of acute social problems, being a serious social and political risk for sustainable development in the long run. The level of extreme poverty in 2012 was 4.4 percent, while the overall poverty rate is 38 percent.

Of particular concern is the issue of women's and children's poverty. Many children, for various reasons, have been left unattended and left out of school and children's institutions.

The Report on the progress in achieving the MDG in Kyrgyzstan also noted that the increase in the number of cases of HIV infection is a threat to sustainable development in the country, as well as the incidence of other dangerous infectious diseases. The situation in this sphere requires special attention and action. Since 2001, the number of reported cases of HIV infection has increased 22.8 times: with 202 cases to 4611 in 2012. Regarding tuberculosis and malaria there is some positive dynamics. In 2001-2011 the incidence rate has declined by 40 percent and mortality of tuberculosis by 66 percent. The number of cases of malaria has declined until 2010. Since 2011, the country has had no local cases of malaria registered.

The specificity of this Report is that it improved the methodology of maximum recognition of interested parties’ views. The process of the review and recommendations has been designed in the way to make representatives of ministries, departments and UN Agencies work together on relevant topics. In addition, tthe document has been widely discussed with representatives of the expert community, public bodies, international and non-governmental organizations.

Another feature of the Report is that its creation has coincided with the process of national consultation in the Kyrgyz Republic on the post-2015 agenda, and the main conclusions from the report on national consultations echo lessons learned on MDGs. The Millennium Declaration identifies 2015 as the year when the Millennium Development Goals, or most of them, should be achieved on the basis of the following fundamental principles: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance and respect for nature. Another feature of the report is that the training coincided with the process of national consultation in the Kyrgyz Republic on agenda of development after 2015, it is all the more important that the main conclusions of the report on national consultations related to lessons learned on MDGs. The Millennium Declaration identifies the year 2015 as the year in which the Millennium development goals, or most of them, should be achieved on the basis of the following fundamental principles: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance and respect for nature. Another feature of the report is that the training coincided with the process of national consultation in the Kyrgyz Republic on agenda of development after 2015, it is all the more important that the main conclusions of the report on national consultations related to lessons learned on MDGs. The Millennium Declaration identifies the year 2015 as the year in which the Millennium development goals, or most of them, should be achieved on the basis of the following fundamental principles: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance and respect for nature. Another feature of the report is that the training coincided with the process of national consultation in the Kyrgyz Republic on agenda of development after 2015, it is all the more important that the main conclusions of the report on national consultations related to lessons learned on MDGs. The Millennium Declaration identifies the year 2015 as the year in which the Millennium development goals, or most of them, should be achieved on the basis of the following fundamental principles: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance and respect for nature. Another feature of the report is that the training coincided with the process of national consultation in the Kyrgyz Republic on agenda of development after 2015, it is all the more important that the main conclusions of the report on national consultations related to lessons learned on MDGs. The Millennium Declaration identifies the year 2015 as the year in which the Millennium development goals, or most of them, should be achieved on the basis of the following fundamental principles: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance and respect for nature. Another feature of the report is that the training coincided with the process of national consultation in the Kyrgyz Republic on agenda of development after 2015, it is all the more important that the main conclusions of the report on national consultations related to lessons learned on MDGs. The Millennium Declaration identifies the year 2015 as the year in which the Millennium development goals, or most of them, should be achieved on the basis of the following fundamental principles: freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance and respect for nature.N Agencies itive dynamics. In t

In recent years, the Kyrgyz Republic regularly, at the highest level, including with the United Nations, reaffirms its commitment to the achievement of the MDGs by supporting active partnership with the international community on the issues of sustainable development in the long run.

Progress reports on MDGs are published at the level of countries, regions, as well as throughout the world. This is the third report of the kind in Kyrgyzstan. The first report was released in 2003, and its main purpose was to adapt the overall international development goals and objectives to the specific conditions of the country. The second report, which was released in two editions in 2008 and 2010, assessed the progress made towards the achievement of the MDGs for the first time.