Human Development as the Focus of Local Self-Government: HERE AND NOW!Jul 12, 2013
The level of human development in the Kyrgyz Republic is largely dependent on the development of local self-government (LSG)
It is at the local self-government level the most important basic services that create an environment for human development are provided. Here a person receives primary and secondary education, which largely determines his future. Here are opened or not opened opportunities for personal development. These ideas are reflected in the National Human Development Report published by the United Nations Development Programme in the Kyrgyz Republic. "The report explores interrelations between concepts of local self-governance and human development" notes the preface to the 2012 report. "This is an important finding of authors that explicitly show that in the center of local self-government is a human being with his or her personal needs and development opportunities."
The report for the first time in Kyrgyzstan offers a fresh look at local self-government not only as a system of governance designed to tackle a range of issues on a local level, but also as an environment and an essential condition for human development. "This approach brings local self-government, its role and importance in the process of sustainable development of all countries to a whole new level. It also opens up new horizons for legal and institutional development of local self-government" said UNDP Resident Representative in the Kyrgyz Republic during the presentation of the report in Bishkek. For the first time in the history of human development reports in the Kyrgyz Republic, the Human Development Index (HDI) was calculated not only at the national level, but also at the level of each municipality and the local self-government. This approach helped the team of authors to reveal interesting relationships between human development and the development of local self-government, including those related to the level of trust in the leaders of local self-governments, local budgets and other aspects of local government.
Another fundamental novelty brought by the report was the development of two new indexes – the institutional sustainability of municipalities (ISM) and local self-government capacity index (LSG CI). Both of the new indexes, together with the Human Development Index (HDI) form a harmonious and effective tool for measuring the level of development of local self-government as an environment for human development.
For example, if we compare the results of the calculation of two indices – HDI and LSG CI and their distribution across the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic, we'll find some interesting facts. Thus, in Batken province 40% of municipalities have a high LSG CI, but only in 14% have a relatively high HDI. This suggests that people who live in Batken province often can not use the potential possessed by their municipalities. A similar situation is observed in Chui province – the potential of municipalities are higher than the HDI. It’s a different situation in Osh – only 27% of municipalities show a lower HDI values, although lower values LSG CI are found in 40% of villages and towns. This is an indication that people in Osh province get the most of the minimum capacity of their municipalities for better life conditions. Also, higher HDI values compared with the capabilities of municipalities are found in Issyk-Kul and Naryn provinces.
ABOUT THIS REPORT: National Human Development Report is a flagship publication of the UN Development Programme prepared by an independent team of authors. Reports are available for free in three languages on our websites http://www.undp.kg and http://hdr.undp.org. The first National Human Development Report was published in 1992, and since then, national teams of authors with UNDP’s support prepare national HDRs. Currently there are over about 700 reports published worldwide. They analyze national policies in terms of human development through research and consultations led at the local level. The national human development reports highlight many of the key development challenges starting from climate change and unemployment among young people to gender and ethnic inequalities.
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