Human Development Week in the Kyrgyz RepublicJun 14, 2017
Human development week has been held in Bishkek. This year, there have been presented and disclosed trade, labor migration, gender related areas.
The Human Development Week launched 7 June 2017 with the presentation of the regular National Human Development Report “Trade and Human Development in the Kyrgyz Republic” (2016). Representatives of the government bodies, international and local experts actively discussed results of the Report with the authors. Representatives of the Government Office, the President’s Office of the Kyrgyz Republic, ministries and departments, representatives of the business community, non-governmental and international organizations and mass media attended this event.
In his speech, the Deputy Minister of Economy of the Kyrgyz Republic, Eldar Abakirov highlighted the importance of such issues as trade impact on human development and its main components considered in the report.
“Kyrgyz Republic is one of the first Central Asian countries that expressed adherence to the sustainable development goals. In witness, our country developed and adopted the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Kyrgyz Republic for 2013-2017. The implementation comes to the end in 2017. When formulating basic principles of the sustainable development at the Rio+20 summit in 2012, trade was marked as area conducive to advancing sustainable development,” stressed Mr. Abakirov.
As he emphasized, development of trade and export is a strategic priority for economic development of the country that will raise the population’s welfare and decrease unemployment. “Percentage of trade and services in the gross domestic product exceeds 19 percent,” said the Deputy Minister of Economy of the Kyrgyz Republic.
To know more on trade and human development please download the Human Development Report “Trade and Human Development in the Kyrgyz Republic” (2016)
This very day, Green Economy and Employment Specialist at UNDP Regional Istanbul Hub, Mihail Peleah presented results of the research on environmental goods of the Kyrgyz Republic. He said about prospects of global market of green goods and development of the Kyrgyz export, and promising niche for the Kyrgyz exporters. The UNDP team presented a tool to analyze export of environmental goods with its further use in trade policy decision-making.
8 June 2017, the Human Development Week conducted discussions on following issues:
- Inequalities and human development in Eastern Europe, Turkey, and Central Asia: Progress at Risk;
- Gender inequalities in political participation in the Kyrgyz Republic.
Both national and international experts participated in the discussion. Poverty and Inequality Specialist from UNDP Regional Istanbul Hub, Elena Danilova-Cross, presented the Regional Human Development Report 2016 “Inequalities and Human Development in Eastern Europe, Turkey and Central Asia: Progress at Risk”. According to her, the countries with less poverty reduction face the more serious problems of inequalities. The report says the lowest level of inequalities is in Albania, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Montenegro, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. To reduce inequalities the Regional Report recommends investing in development of programs and policies to reduce social, legal, gender and economic inequalities. The report suggests applying whenever possible integrated approaches to markets of labor, health and social protection involving the whole state. Measures on reduction of labor taxation together with increase of taxation on illegal financial flows and environmentally unsustainable activities will also decrease inequalities.
In her turn, UNDP Country Programme Gender Coordinator, Elmira Shishkaraeva, presented thematic review on Gender Inequality in Political Participation in the Kyrgyz Republic.
9 June 2017, Green Economy and Employment Specialist at UNDP Istanbul Regional Hub, Mihail Peleah presented Series of Central Asian Human Development Notes “Labour Migration, Remittances, and Human Development in Central Asia”. The study examines human development aspects of the large cross-border labour migration and remittance flows among the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and (to a less extent) Uzbekistan. It concludes that significant benefits could result from: (i) stronger efforts to place the management of labour migration and remittance flows at the center of national development policies and programming; (ii) the adoption of the “whole of government” approaches to migration management; (iii) improvements in the quality and availability of data concerning migration in these countries; (iv) placing remittances and labour migration at the center of the global post-2015 development debate.
Zhanna Khussainova, Sustainable Development Communication Expert