Serbian criminalists demonstrated new technologies in investigating crimes of violence against women

Nov 22, 2016

Photo Credit: Umutai Dauletova

During two days experts of the Serbian Criminalistics Centre demonstrated how to determine spatial boundaries of the crime scene, to secure the crime scene from contamination and taught the procedure of forensic investigation and documentation of evidence.

9-10 November 2016 in the village of Arashan a workshop on Forensic Investigation of a Crime Scene in Criminal Acts against Sexual Freedom and Domestic Violence took place.

19 criminalists from Kyrgyzstan had an opportunity to participate in “simulation” of crime scenes - trainers had prepared the site where it was necessary to collect a number of forensic evidences.

There was a session on photography of criminal acts of rape; details of testing and identification of semen as well as detection of evidence of hidden blood and traces of shoes with a special powder.

Colonel of militia Talant Jumadylov, Head of expert-forensic unit of the Issyk-Kul Department of Internal Affairs told: “We managed to exchange experience, as well as to share our knowledge with new generation since we had young experts among participants who came from oblasts. We reviewed methods we used to detect traces and their collection at the crime scene. Inspection is the primary level and if properly done, it should ensure success in crime detection. During the workshop we realized new technologies allowed to detect even invisible traces”.

According to participants, the workshop was very practical and useful, though they noted there was a need to acquire equipment which would largely facilitate the forensic investigation. For example, a DNA laboratory or “bluestar” detecting traces of blood. But despite these difficulties, the forensic service of the Ministry of Interior does its best to investigate cases of sexual and gender-based violence.

According to the latest data of Medical and Demographic Survey conducted in the Kyrgyz Republic, 28 % of married or previously married women and girls reported the facts of physical, sexual or emotional violence by a spouse or a partner. 56 % of women who were victims of domestic violence reported they were subject to various physical injuries; 41 % of women and girls who had been physically or sexually abused never asked for help nor they told anyone about the abuse. The research based on the nationally-representative survey of 2011-2012 discussed that 38 % of married ethnic Kyrgyz women and 31 % of men reported they married after the bride kidnapping, the average number of kidnapped brides makes 32 cases per day and 40 % of cases were accompanied by rape.

The workshop was attended by the staff of the Expert-Forensic Center under the Ministry of Interior of the Kyrgyz Republic and was organized by UNDP in the Kyrgyz Republic with the support of the US State Department's Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs of the US Department of State with the purpose of increasing capacity of forensic services staff. UNDP invited experts from the Serbian National Criminalistics-Technical Centre, which is one of the leading institutions in the field. After many reforms and innovations, the Centre is training specialists from other countries on a permanent basis.

The workshop was conducted within the framework of the UNDP South Eastern and Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons platform in the area of reforming the sector of regional security. It was established to facilitate the share of knowledge and expertise in the area of security sector reform from South East Europe towards the rest of the Europe and CIS region.

Umutai Dauletova, UNDP Gender Mainstreaming Specialist