Experimental ecosystem accounting will be tested on the “Kyzyl-Unkur” forestryAug 21, 2016
At the beginning of this year, the Kyrgyz Republic launched a new initiative aimed at introducing a system of environmental and economic accounting and experimental ecosystem accounts.
This system will include environmental factors in the development of the main economic indicators. “Kyzyl-Unkur” forestry was selected as a pilot to test this system.
“So far ecosystem services have been considered as a public good. Thus, they did not have any value and cost on the market, the economic costs of biodiversity loss and the expense of use of ecosystem services were not taken into account in planning and decision-making processes. The lack of assessment of ecosystem services leads to the degradation of ecosystems and loss of biodiversity,” - said Baiysbek Kasymbekov, Deputy Chairman of the National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Now the National Statistical Committee is developing system of economic and environmental accounting (SEEA) - forest accounts at the national level and experimental ecosystem accounting at the local level.
Availability of information about the value of ecosystem services will enable decision-makers to take effective and fair solutions. This is a step towards greater transparency in the process of finding the optimal political decision.
Recently, at the workshop with the participation of representatives of the ministries and government bodies on implementation of the system of economic and environmental accounting and experimental ecosystem accounts (SEEA-EEA) in Issyk-Kul oblast, the first experience of implementing this system have been reviewed and discussed. The system is being implemented in forestry “Kyzyl-Unkur” in Jalal-Abad oblast. The participants reviewed the preliminary results and the future structure of these accounts and considered the possible gaps to organize and legalize the environmental accounts.
“The obtained knowledge will help to shed light on many uncertainties in the economic and environmental accounting. We understand that it is necessary to develop the forestry, but it requires specific information and facts about their condition. Now we can prepare reports and determine the extent of forest area - the existence of ecosystems and their boundaries, the amount of fruits, such as nuts, collected by the population. We need to know - what we have and how much, to know the exact expense of our natural resources,” - shared his opinion Ali Khalmurzaev, Chief Specialist of the Center of State Regulation of Environmental Protection and Ecological Safety of the State Agency for Environmental Protection and Forestry under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic.
This work has been implemented thanks to the support of consultants from Czech Research Institute for Global Change of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Czech Globe). The project is financed by the Czech Trust Fund and the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative in the Kyrgyz Republic and is titled “Use of Czech experience: piloting SEEA-EEA in the Kyrgyz Republic”. This 6-month project is implemented in close cooperation with the National Statistical Committee and the State Agency for Environmental Protection and Forestry.
The Kyrgyz Republic follows current trends in the area of natural capital and has capacity in the development system of environmental-economic accounting. Testing SEEA-EEA development has been launched by the National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic with the support of the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative and the State Environmental Protection Agency, with the participation of other institutions and organizations.
Aigul Bolotova, UNDP Sustainable Development Dimension PR/Communications Specialist, Photo Credit: Aigul Bolotova