Strengthening capacity of state institutions as well as municipal government system and assuring the rule of law are among the foremost challenges in Kyrgyzstan. Inadequate capacities, absence of career opportunities for civil servants, low salaries and weakness of oversight bodies to prevent corruption, have debilitated the governance system as well as reduced trust and confidence of the public in state institutions.
UNDP’s work in the good governance area in Kyrgyzstan focuses on three main areas: decentralization and local self-governance, access to justice/anticorruption and parliamentary reform. Democratic Governance Programme works with the President’s Office, Prime Minister’s Office, Parliament, Ministry of Justice, General Prosecutor’s Office, Ombudsman’s Institution, other ministries and non-government organizations to help strengthen their capacity and promote democratic principles of governance.
As part of the assistance in fighting corruption UNDP presented a comprehensive analysis of anticorruption measures and legislation adopted during the last 20 years. Moreover, UNDP helped to assess corruption risks in health care and education sectors.
Among the key anti-corruption efforts of Kyrgyzstan were establishment of public advisory councils in ministries and Anti-corruption Service to enforce anti-corruption policies. UNDP helped to strengthen these organizations via assistance in developing regulations and training of staff.
In 2010 Kyrgyzstan adopted a new Constitution that made the country the first state with a parliamentary form of government in Central Asia. However, these reforms require a lot of follow-up work in terms of adjusting current laws to the new governance setup. UNDP worked closely with the Ministry of Justice and the Parliament to align a number of laws with the new Constitution bringing international expertise, organizing public discussions etc.
A special two-year project implemented by UNDP and funded by the European Union, Austria, Germany and other donors helped institutionalize new electoral rules and procedures. The Kyrgyz Republic Central Election Committee received timely technical and expert assistance to carry out Presidential, Parliamentary as well as local elections more efficiently and transparently. This assistance was critical for strengthening government institutions in a period of instability after the violent revolution in April 2010.
Promotion of E-government has been a signature intervention for UNDP in Kyrgyzstan since 2002 when first efforts were launched. E-government solutions developed by UNDP were used in municipalities, government document processing agencies and even in a number of ministries. Although, it is early to say that Kyrgyz government fully embrace electronic information systems, UNDP led efforts helped to bring it into the national agenda.