6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?

To solve serious economic and social problems of the Kyrgyz Republic in the 90th, the country had to resort to significant external borrowings. As a result, by 2000 the national foreign debt rose to a value greater than GDP. In this regard, the Government took measures to reduce the level of foreign debt: a Mid-term strategy to reduce the foreign debt for 2002-2005 was adopted, restructuring of external debt was held. Despite some positive developments in the management of the national debt in 2002-2006, the crisis of the global economy in 2008-2009, as well as events in the country in 2010, led to the growth of the national debt. In 2011, the foreign national debt increased and reached 47.7% of GDP. The Government plans to develop a Mid-term debt management strategy for 2012-2014 aimed at formation of the optimal structure of the national debt in the med-term perspective.

Young people's access to decent and productive work
Starting from 2003, the unemployment rate in the age group of 15-24 years old shows very slight improvement. If in 2003 the rate was 15.4%, in 2008 it improved to 14.8%, which is much higher than the official figure for the overall unemployment rate, which was equal to 8.2% in 2008. According to the official data, in 2011 the number of the registered unemployed  aged 18 to 29 years old decreased slightly compared to 2010, and constituted 24.2 thousand people, representing almost 40% of the total number of the registered unemployed.

Integration in the international information space
Availability of telecommunications services to the urban population of the republic is characterized as  high and growing, expanding the use of fixed and mobile telephony, Internet access, home networking, broadband connections and mobile terminals. Availability of telephones in 2011 was 88 per 1,000 people, mobile phones - 1,131 per 1,000 people (compared with 2007 it increased almost 3 times). Steady increase in the number of Internet users is observed in Kyrgyzstan: according to the data of official bodies, in 2011 they amounted to 2.4 million people.

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population