6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?

One of the endemic fish species of Issyk Kul that almost disappeared as a result of uncontrolled catch.
Naked Osman - one of the endemic fish species of the Issyk Kul lake that has almost disappered as a result of uncontrolled catch and introduction of foreign species. UNDP has been working to restore such species.

In 2012, Kyrgyzstan has participated in the UN Conference on Sustainable development “Rio+20”. UNDP worked with government officials, NGOs, academia and other interested parties to help Kyrgyzstan elaborate its position on sustainable development, which are reflected in a paper titled “The Prospects of Green Economy in the Kyrgyz Republic”. The document highlights issues and opportunities as well as priority sectors to green economy as a vector for transition to sustainable development.

Another major result of this process was establishment of the National Commission on Sustainable Devel-opment under the President.  In January 2013 members of the commission adopted the National Strategy on Sustainable Development for 2013-2017. All dimensions of sustainable development have been inte-grated into the document as a result of a broad participatory process.

The Kyrgyz Republic government has been active in responding to challenges related to protection of environment. With support of international community the country has adopted various strategies, action plans and other policies on the highest levels to address climate change, land degradation, problems with access to water and biodiversity.

Access to clean water has increased form 89,8 % in 2006 to 91,5 % in 2010 throughout the country. Osh and Batken provinces are two areas with the most difficult situation with only 82,3% and 72,7% of local population respectively having stable access to water.

As per 2012 data, 98% of Kyrgyzstan’s population had access to electricity. Only 33.5% of urban households were connected to a centralized heating system, while almost all rural households were not connected at all. Access to a natural gas pipeline network was available only for 20.9% of households, 52.2% of which are urban households and almost all (94%) rural households did not have access to piped gas. 70 main coal fields capacity is estimated as 1,317 mln t, which is the main fuel of the population today after electricity. There is no official data on the firewood harvested in the forest ecosystems, however, about 200,000 people live inside forest lands and definitely use this resource. According to unofficial data circulating in the expert community, Kyrgyzstanis use about 150,000 m³/year of firewood for heating and cooking. Thus, considerable part of population still does not use “clean energy”.

UNDP's work in Kyrgyzstan

Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums