6 Improve maternal health

Where we are?

Over the past few years, the maternal mortality rate in Kyrgyzstan varies, but remains high. Since 2006, in 2009 an officially registered maternal mortality rate increased from 55.5 up to 63.5 per 100,000 live births. In 2010- 2011 it decreased to 54.5. One of the reasons for a high maternal mortality rate, as experts note, is a significant increase in the number of births with various complications, presence of various pathologies before pregnancy, which exacerbate during pregnancy and result in fatal cases.

Despite the fact that women in Kyrgyzstan have access to a well-established system of health care during pregnancy, as well as to medical care at the hospital level during delivery, the mortality rate remains high. Therefore, in Kyrgyzstan efforts are made to introduce improved practices of rendering perinatal care, antenatal care and friendly services for a child in 48% of delivery facilities, ensuring high immunization coverage, breastfeeding, provision of facilities and services in the field of reproductive health, etc.

Targets for MDG 5
  1. Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
    • Most maternal deaths could be avoided
    • Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
    • The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
  2. Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
    • More women are receiving antenatal care
    • Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
    • Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
    • Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
    • Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
    • Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education