6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are?

The Kyrgyz Republic has signed and ratified a number of basic UN documents, aimed at achieving gender equality and is taking steps to promote gender equality policies in the country. The Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on “State Guarantees of Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Men and Women” and the Law on “Social and legal protection from domestic violence” were adopted.  Inclusion of specific measures in the Election Code of the Kyrgyz Republic and other laws to ensure the representation of women in the Parliament, the Government, and the judiciary. Government implemented the National Action Plan on Gender Equality of 2007-2010 and adopted the National Strategy for Gender Equality till 2020 and the National Action Plan on Gender Equality in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2012-2014.

The overall situation in the country is characterized by an increase in the proportion of women among students (54% in 2011). With an overall quantitative predominance of women among the students, in recent years increase of gender segregation by industries was observed: women are the majority of students gaining degrees in teaching, service industry, humanities, which becomes the basis for further reproduction of the traditional gender division of labor in the labor market. Women predominate among educators, health and social services, where wages are about two times lower than in traditionally “men’s” sectors (mining, construction, transport and communication, etc.). Sectoral segregation is one of the causes of the disparities that exist in the indices’ difference between the average wages of men and women: the average salary of women constitutes 63.6% (2011) of the men’s one. Despite a higher level of education, according to the National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic, the proportion of women in the workforce, due to the peculiarities of women’s position in the labor market, steadily decreases (41.8% in 2011).

UNDP's work in Kyrgyzstan

Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament